Abstracts for research papers, reports, and commentaries that are supported in part or in full by the ABP or ABP Foundation or on which ABP staff serve as authors – and have been published in major journals – are provided below.
Background and Objectives
The American Board of Pediatrics (ABP) certifies that general and subspecialty pediatricians meet standards of excellence established by their peers, immediately after training and over the course of their careers (ie, Maintenance of Certification [MOC]). In 2015-2016, the ABP developed the Maintenance of Certification Assessment for Pediatrics (MOCA-Peds) as an alternative assessment to the current proctored, closed-book general pediatrics (GP) MOC examination. This article is 1 of a 2-part series examining results from the MOCA-Peds pilot in...
Opportunities in global child health (GCH), the study and practice of improving child health globally, are expanding and increasingly formalized. In education, more postgraduate pediatric training programs offer specialized GCH training, preparing graduates to provide health care to children worldwide.1 Training in clinical areas such as neonatal resuscitation for health care workers in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) are increasing,2 as are short courses for pediatricians from high-income countries (HICs) planning to practice in LMIC.3 In clinical...
Global health (GH), defined as issues that transcend national boundaries and a call for actions by key stakeholders to determine the well-being of all people,1 is an expanding field. In 2014, 25% of active pediatric-training programs had dedicated GH tracks, and 66% had faculty identified to lead GH efforts for their training programs.2 Those traveling abroad for GH experiences as trainees are likely to remain involved later in their careers in varying capacities.3,4 GH also includes pediatricians...
Explore pediatric residents' experiences and confidence with quality improvement (QI).
Pediatric residents were surveyed nationally in July 2017 about their demographic characteristics, experiences with QI projects over the previous year, and confidence with QI skills. Descriptive statistics and distributions of each individual demographic and QI variable, as well as training program size, were calculated for each variable. QI question responses were compared to demographic characteristics of the respondents, and chi-square statistics were calculated.
In total, 11,137 out...
Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) occur in as many as 5% of infants, making them the most common benign tumor of infancy. Most IHs are small, innocuous, self-resolving, and require no treatment. However, because of their size or location, a significant minority of IHs are potentially problematic. These include IHs that may cause permanent scarring and disfigurement (eg, facial IHs), hepatic or airway IHs, and IHs with the potential for functional impairment (eg, periorbital IHs), ulceration (that may cause pain or scarring)...