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Publications

Abstracts for research papers, reports, and commentaries that are supported in part or in full by the ABP or ABP Foundation or on which ABP staff serve as authors – and have been published in major journals – are provided below.

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Displaying 41 - 45 of 148
Freed GL, Moran L, Van K, Leslie LK
2016
Pediatrics
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

Background and Objectives
A near vacuum exists for credible information regarding specialty-specific demography, including gender, years since training completion, current employer, academic affiliation, and hours worked in specific tasks. Understanding the current status and changes to the medical workforce and its work patterns is essential to assessing whether the supply and distribution meets the needs of patients, institutions, society, and educational programs.

Methods
A self-administered electronic survey sent to all pediatricians...

Freed G, Moran L, Althouse L, Van K, Leslie LK
2016
Pediatrics
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

Objectives
The issues of importance in selecting a first job for new pediatric subspecialists, and their ability to find positions that match their professional and clinical goals, are unknown. The objectives were to (1) describe current employment patterns, practice characteristics, factors influencing choice of first position, and future work goals of new pediatric subspecialists; and (2) examine the relationship of these variables with the actual professional time allocation and clinical responsibilities compared with the desired first job.

Methods...

Schumacher D, van der Vlueten CP, Carraccio CL
2016
JAMA Pediatrics
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

Ensuring that the performance of physicians meets the needs of patients is central to safe care. However, assessment of physician performance across the continuum of training and practice is inadequate. Often isolated as only an education problem, this assessment gap is also a clinical care problem.1

The goal of competency-based education, the purported focus of Graduate Medical Education training during the past 2 decades, is to design and implement educational programs that achieve outcomes necessary to optimize patient and population outcomes.2 ...

Hicks PJ, Margolis M, Poynter SE, Chaffinch C, Tenney-Soeiro R, Turner TL, Waggoner-Fountain L, Lockridge R, Clyman SG, Schwartz A on behalf of APPD LEARN-NBME Pediatrics Milestones Assessment Group
2016
Academic Medicine
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

Purpose
To report on the development of content and user feedback regarding the assessment process and utility of the workplace-based assessment instruments of the Pediatrics Milestones Assessment Pilot (PMAP).

Method
One multisource feedback instrument and two structured clinical observation instruments were developed and refined by experts in pediatrics and assessment to provide evidence for nine competencies based on the Pediatrics Milestones (PMs) and chosen to inform residency program faculty decisions about learners’ readiness to...

Carraccio C, Englander R, Holmboe EH, Kogan JR
2016
Academic Medicine
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

To address the long-standing challenge of meaningful trainee assessment, the authors reviewed and expanded on the Accountable Assessment for Quality Care and Supervision (AAQCS) equation. The equation proposes that care quality is the product of the interaction between trainee performance (measured by workplace assessment) and supervision (required level of intervention to ensure care quality) in the context of the environment where the care occurs: Trainee performance × Appropriate supervision = Safe, effective patient-centered care. Assessing trainee performance and matching that...