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Publications

Abstracts for research papers, reports, and commentaries that are supported in part or in full by the ABP or ABP Foundation or on which ABP staff serve as authors – and have been published in major journals – are provided below.

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Displaying 36 - 40 of 145
Saunders T, Mackie TI, Shah S, Gooding H, de Ferranti SD, Leslie LK
2016
Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

Aim
Explore perspectives of adolescent and young adult (AYA) and parent stakeholders regarding their engagement in comparative effectiveness research (CER) evaluating cholesterol screening and treatment strategies for 17–21 year olds. 

Methods
All nine AYAs and parent stakeholders participating in a 20-member panel of AYAs, parents and professionals (i.e., clinicians, researchers, policy makers, payers), completed a quantitative survey and a semistructured interview at the completion of the core CER study. 

...

Moyer VA, LeFevre M, Calonge N
2016
Annals of Internal Medicine
ABSTRACT:

Appendectomy is not a preventive service; neither is an EpiPen.

Mylan, the maker of the EpiPen, has heavily and successfully marketed this medical device with a resultant increase in demand. At the same time, the company has increased its price more than 5-fold over the past 9 years, resulting in stunning increases in revenue, as reported by The New York Times (1). The higher price, in concert with falling pharmacy benefits for many people, will inevitably limit sales and has courted the attention and disdain of national policymakers. While reducing the price is one answer...

Freed GL, Moran L, Van K, Leslie LK
2016
Pediatrics
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

Background and Objectives
A near vacuum exists for credible information regarding specialty-specific demography, including gender, years since training completion, current employer, academic affiliation, and hours worked in specific tasks. Understanding the current status and changes to the medical workforce and its work patterns is essential to assessing whether the supply and distribution meets the needs of patients, institutions, society, and educational programs.

Methods
A self-administered electronic survey sent to all pediatricians...

Freed G, Moran L, Althouse L, Van K, Leslie LK
2016
Pediatrics
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

Objectives
The issues of importance in selecting a first job for new pediatric subspecialists, and their ability to find positions that match their professional and clinical goals, are unknown. The objectives were to (1) describe current employment patterns, practice characteristics, factors influencing choice of first position, and future work goals of new pediatric subspecialists; and (2) examine the relationship of these variables with the actual professional time allocation and clinical responsibilities compared with the desired first job.

Methods...

Schumacher D, van der Vlueten CP, Carraccio CL
2016
JAMA Pediatrics
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

Ensuring that the performance of physicians meets the needs of patients is central to safe care. However, assessment of physician performance across the continuum of training and practice is inadequate. Often isolated as only an education problem, this assessment gap is also a clinical care problem.1

The goal of competency-based education, the purported focus of Graduate Medical Education training during the past 2 decades, is to design and implement educational programs that achieve outcomes necessary to optimize patient and population outcomes.2 ...