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Publications

Abstracts for research papers, reports, and commentaries that are supported in part or in full by the ABP or ABP Foundation or on which ABP staff serve as authors – and have been published in major journals – are provided below.

Displaying 36 - 40 of 196
Sheldrick CR, Hyde J, Leslie LK, Mackie T
2019
Evidence & Policy
ABSTRACT:

Many of the resources developed to promote the use of evidence in policy aspire to an ideal of rational decision making, yet their basis in the decision sciences is often unclear. Tracing the historical development of evidence-informed policy to its roots in evidence-based medicine (EBM), we distinguish between two understandings of how research evidence may be applied. Advocates for EBM all seek to use research evidence to optimise clinical care. However, some proponents argue that ‘uptake' of research evidence should be direct and universal, for example through wide-scale implementation...

Cate O, Carraccio C
2019
Academic Medicine
ABSTRACT:

The existing structure of physician education has developed in siloed stages, with consecutive degrees and certifications and progressively longer training programs. As further fragmentation of health care and training systems will not improve the quality of care and education, the authors argue that a new vision of education, training, and practice as a continuum is needed.

They advocate for a model of competency-based medical education that merges with competency-based medical practice. In this system, education and training will result in individual, dynamic portfolios of valid...

Leslie LK, Turner AL, Smith AC, Dounoucos V, Olmsted MG, Althouse L
2019
Pediatrics
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

Background and Objectives
The American Board of Pediatrics (ABP) certifies that general and subspecialty pediatricians meet standards of excellence established by their peers, immediately after training and over the course of their careers (ie, Maintenance of Certification [MOC]). In 2015-2016, the ABP developed the Maintenance of Certification Assessment for Pediatrics (MOCA-Peds) as an alternative assessment to the current proctored, closed-book general pediatrics (GP) MOC examination. This article is 1 of a 2-part series examining results from the MOCA-Peds pilot...

Gladding SP, Suchdev PS, Kiguli S, Lowenthal ED on behalf of the Global Health Task Force of the American Board of Pediatrics
2019
Pediatrics
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

Opportunities in global child health (GCH), the study and practice of improving child health globally, are expanding and increasingly formalized. In education, more postgraduate pediatric training programs offer specialized GCH training, preparing graduates to provide health care to children worldwide.1 Training in clinical areas such as neonatal resuscitation for health care workers in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) are increasing,2 as are short courses for pediatricians from high-income countries (HICs) planning to practice in LMIC.3...

Arscott-Mills T, Ter Haar B, Firth J, Batra M, Githanga D, Moyer VA, on behalf of the Global Health Task Force of the American Board of Pediatrics
2019
Pediatrics
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

Global health (GH), defined as issues that transcend national boundaries and a call for actions by key stakeholders to determine the well-being of all people,1 is an expanding field. In 2014, 25% of active pediatric-training programs had dedicated GH tracks, and 66% had faculty identified to lead GH efforts for their training programs.2 Those traveling abroad for GH experiences as trainees are likely to remain involved later in their careers in varying capacities.3,4 GH also includes pediatricians engaged locally with immigrant or refugee...