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Publications

Abstracts for research papers, reports, and commentaries that are supported in part or in full by the ABP or ABP Foundation or on which ABP staff serve as authors – and have been published in major journals – are provided below.

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Displaying 31 - 35 of 148
Mayne SL, Ross ME, Song L, McCarn B, Steffes J, Liu W, Margolis B, Azuine R, Gotlieb E, Grundmeier RW, Leslie LK, Localio R, Wasserman R, Fiks AG
2016
Pediatrics
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

Background
Primary care pediatricians increasingly care for children’s mental health problems, but little is known about practice-level variation in diagnosis and psychotropic medication prescribing practices.

Methods
This retrospective review of electronic heath records from 43 US primary care practices included children aged 4 to 18 years with ≥1 office visit from January 1, 2009, to June 30, 2014. We examined variability in diagnosis and psychotropic prescribing across practices using logistic regression with practice fixed effects...

Gooding HC, Sheldrick RC, Leslie LK, Shah S, de Ferranti SD, Mackie TI
2016
Journal of Adolescent Health
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

Purpose
Guidelines recommend cholesterol screening for all adolescents and young adults (AYAs) ages 17-21 years. Little is known about how screening results impact perceptions of AYA health.

Methods 
We recruited 37 AYAs and 35 parents of AYAs with differing risk for abnormal cholesterol results: (1) familial hypercholesterolemia; (2) obesity; and (3) generally healthy. Participants completed quantitative health status ratings using visual analog scales (VASs) and semistructured interviews regarding three hypothetical...

Dwyer AC
2016
Journal of Educational Measurement
ABSTRACT:

This study examines the effectiveness of three approaches for maintaining equivalent performance standards across test forms with small samples: (1) common-item equating, (2) resetting the standard, and (3) rescaling the standard. Rescaling the standard (i.e., applying common-item equating methodology to standard setting ratings to account for systematic differences between standard setting panels) has received almost no attention in the literature. Identity equating was also examined to provide context. Data from a standard setting form of a large national certification test (Nexaminees...

deFerranti S, Rodday A, Mendelson M, Wong J, Leslie LK, Sheldrick RC
2016
Circulation
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

Background
The prevalence of familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is commonly reported as 1 in 500. European reports suggest a higher prevalence; the US FH prevalence is unknown.

Methods and Results
The 1999 to 2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) participants ≥20 years of age (n=36 949) were analyzed to estimate the prevalence of FH with available Dutch Lipid Clinic criteria, including low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and personal and family history of premature atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease....

Du Y, Althouse LA, Tan RJ
2016
Journal of Pediatrics
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

Objective
To investigate whether postponing certification testing, either voluntarily or involuntarily, affects a candidate's performance on pediatric certifying examinations.

Study Design
Both general pediatrics (GP) and pediatric subspecialty (PS) examination candidates were included in the study. Candidates were classified into 3 groups based on time since the completion of training: no delay (<12 months), short delay (12-24 months), and long delay (≥24 months). Examination scores and pass rates in the first GP and PS certifying...