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Publications

Abstracts for research papers, reports, and commentaries that are supported in part or in full by the ABP or ABP Foundation or on which ABP staff serve as authors – and have been published in major journals – are provided below.

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Displaying 31 - 35 of 145
deFerranti S, Rodday A, Mendelson M, Wong J, Leslie LK, Sheldrick RC
2016
Circulation
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

Background
The prevalence of familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is commonly reported as 1 in 500. European reports suggest a higher prevalence; the US FH prevalence is unknown.

Methods and Results
The 1999 to 2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) participants ≥20 years of age (n=36 949) were analyzed to estimate the prevalence of FH with available Dutch Lipid Clinic criteria, including low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and personal and family history of premature atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease....

Du Y, Althouse LA, Tan RJ
2016
Journal of Pediatrics
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

Objective
To investigate whether postponing certification testing, either voluntarily or involuntarily, affects a candidate's performance on pediatric certifying examinations.

Study Design
Both general pediatrics (GP) and pediatric subspecialty (PS) examination candidates were included in the study. Candidates were classified into 3 groups based on time since the completion of training: no delay (<12 months), short delay (12-24 months), and long delay (≥24 months). Examination scores and pass rates in the first GP and PS certifying...

Hawkins RE, Irons MB, Welcher CM, Pouwels MV, Holmboe ES, Reisdorff EJ, Cohen JM, Dentzer S, Nichols DG, Lien CA, Horn TD, Noone RB, Lipner RS, Eva KW, Norcini JJ, Nora LM, Gold JP
2016
Academic Medicine
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

This article describes the presentations and discussions at a conference co-convened by the Council on Medical Education of the American Medical Association (AMA) and by the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS). The conference focused on the ABMS Maintenance of Certification (MOC) Part III Examination. This article, reflecting the conference agenda, covers the value of and evidence supporting the examination, as well as concerns about the cost of the examination, and—given the current format—its relevance. In addition, the article outlines alternative formats for the examination...

Leslie LK, Mehus CJ, Hawkins JD, Boat T, McCabe MA, Barkin S, Perrin EC, Metzler CW, Prado G, Tait VF, Brown R, Beardslee W
2016
American Journal of Preventive Medicine
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ABSTRACT:

Family-focused prevention programs have been shown to effectively reduce a range of negative behavioral health outcomes but have had limited reach. Three key barriers must be overcome to expand the reach of family-focused prevention programs and thereby achieve a significant public health impact. These barriers are (1) current social norms and perceptions of parenting programs; (2) concerns about the expertise and legitimacy of sponsoring organizations to offer parenting advice; and (3) a paucity of stable, sustainable funding mechanisms. Primary healthcare settings are well positioned to...

Perrin EC, Leslie LK, Boat T
2016
JAMA Pediatrics
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

Social-emotional and behavioral dysfunction contributes substantially to adverse health outcomes such as obesity, asthma, and cardiovascular disease; poor quality of life; and exponentially increasing health care costs. These conditions often have roots in childhood, when opportunities exist for primary and secondary prevention and early intervention. However, these opportunities are seldom realized for many reasons, including limited attention to behavioral and/or mental health concerns during pediatric and family medicine training programs and the low priority of prevention in...