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Publications

Abstracts for research papers, reports, and commentaries that are supported in part or in full by the ABP or ABP Foundation or on which ABP staff serve as authors – and have been published in major journals – are provided below.

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Displaying 31 - 35 of 152
Rodday AM, Graham RJ, Weidner RA, Terrin N, Leslie LK, Parsons SK
2017
Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

Introduction
Children with chronic respiratory insufficiency and mechanical ventilation often experience acute illnesses requiring unscheduled hospitalizations. Health-related quality of life (HRQL) may predict future health care utilization.

Methods
Participants were 30 days to 22 years old with chronic respiratory insufficiency (N = 120). Parent-proxies completed global HRQL and general health measures. Outcomes were total health care (emergency department, outpatient, inpatient) and inpatient days over 6 ...

Leyenaar JK, Rizzo PA, Khodyakov D, Leslie LK, Lindenauer PK, Mangione-Smith R
2017
Academic Pediatrics
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

Background
Children with medical complexity (CMC) account for disproportionate hospital utilization and adverse outcomes after discharge, and several gaps exist regarding the quality of hospital to home transitional care for this population. We conducted an expert elicitation process to identify important and feasible hospital to home transitional care interventions for CMC from the perspectives of parents and health care professionals.

Methods
We conducted a 2-round electronic Delphi process to identify important and feasible...

Barrett DJ, McGuinness GA, Cunha CA, Emans SJ, Gerson WT, Hazinski MF, Lister G, Murray KF, St Geme JW 3rd, Whitley-Williams PN
2017
Pediatrics
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ABSTRACT:

Over the past 20 years, hospitalists have emerged as a distinct group of pediatric practitioners. In August of 2014, the American Board of Pediatrics (ABP) received a petition to consider recommending that pediatric hospital medicine (PHM) be recognized as a distinct new subspecialty. PHM as a formal subspecialty raises important considerations related to: (1) quality, cost, and access to pediatric health care; (2) current pediatric residency training; (3) the evolving body of knowledge in pediatrics; and (4) the impact on both primary care generalists and existing subspecialists. After a...

Nichols DG
2017
Pediatrics
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

Board certification has been part of the social contract in which physicians commit to maintaining up-to-date scientific knowledge and improving the quality of patient care. However, the maintenance of certification program has been controversial. This review summarizes the philosophical underpinnings, published literature, recent improvements, and future directions of the American Board of Pediatrics maintenance of certification program.

Mayne SL, Ross ME, Song L, McCarn B, Steffes J, Liu W, Margolis B, Azuine R, Gotlieb E, Grundmeier RW, Leslie LK, Localio R, Wasserman R, Fiks AG
2016
Pediatrics
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

Background
Primary care pediatricians increasingly care for children’s mental health problems, but little is known about practice-level variation in diagnosis and psychotropic medication prescribing practices.

Methods
This retrospective review of electronic heath records from 43 US primary care practices included children aged 4 to 18 years with ≥1 office visit from January 1, 2009, to June 30, 2014. We examined variability in diagnosis and psychotropic prescribing across practices using logistic regression with practice fixed effects...