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Publications

Abstracts for research papers, reports, and commentaries that are supported in part or in full by the ABP or ABP Foundation or on which ABP staff serve as authors – and have been published in major journals – are provided below.

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Displaying 26 - 30 of 145
Barrett DJ, McGuinness GA, Cunha CA, Emans SJ, Gerson WT, Hazinski MF, Lister G, Murray KF, St Geme JW 3rd, Whitley-Williams PN
2017
Pediatrics
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

Over the past 20 years, hospitalists have emerged as a distinct group of pediatric practitioners. In August of 2014, the American Board of Pediatrics (ABP) received a petition to consider recommending that pediatric hospital medicine (PHM) be recognized as a distinct new subspecialty. PHM as a formal subspecialty raises important considerations related to: (1) quality, cost, and access to pediatric health care; (2) current pediatric residency training; (3) the evolving body of knowledge in pediatrics; and (4) the impact on both primary care generalists and existing subspecialists. After a...

Nichols DG
2017
Pediatrics
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

Board certification has been part of the social contract in which physicians commit to maintaining up-to-date scientific knowledge and improving the quality of patient care. However, the maintenance of certification program has been controversial. This review summarizes the philosophical underpinnings, published literature, recent improvements, and future directions of the American Board of Pediatrics maintenance of certification program.

Mayne SL, Ross ME, Song L, McCarn B, Steffes J, Liu W, Margolis B, Azuine R, Gotlieb E, Grundmeier RW, Leslie LK, Localio R, Wasserman R, Fiks AG
2016
Pediatrics
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

Background
Primary care pediatricians increasingly care for children’s mental health problems, but little is known about practice-level variation in diagnosis and psychotropic medication prescribing practices.

Methods
This retrospective review of electronic heath records from 43 US primary care practices included children aged 4 to 18 years with ≥1 office visit from January 1, 2009, to June 30, 2014. We examined variability in diagnosis and psychotropic prescribing across practices using logistic regression with practice fixed effects...

Gooding HC, Sheldrick RC, Leslie LK, Shah S, de Ferranti SD, Mackie TI
2016
Journal of Adolescent Health
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

Purpose
Guidelines recommend cholesterol screening for all adolescents and young adults (AYAs) ages 17-21 years. Little is known about how screening results impact perceptions of AYA health.

Methods 
We recruited 37 AYAs and 35 parents of AYAs with differing risk for abnormal cholesterol results: (1) familial hypercholesterolemia; (2) obesity; and (3) generally healthy. Participants completed quantitative health status ratings using visual analog scales (VASs) and semistructured interviews regarding three hypothetical...

Dwyer AC
2016
Journal of Educational Measurement
ABSTRACT:

This study examines the effectiveness of three approaches for maintaining equivalent performance standards across test forms with small samples: (1) common-item equating, (2) resetting the standard, and (3) rescaling the standard. Rescaling the standard (i.e., applying common-item equating methodology to standard setting ratings to account for systematic differences between standard setting panels) has received almost no attention in the literature. Identity equating was also examined to provide context. Data from a standard setting form of a large national certification test (Nexaminees...