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Publications

Abstracts for research papers, reports, and commentaries that are supported in part or in full by the ABP or ABP Foundation or on which ABP staff serve as authors – and have been published in major journals – are provided below.

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Displaying 21 - 25 of 130
Gooding HC, Sheldrick RC, Leslie LK, Shah S, de Ferranti SD, Mackie TI
2016
Journal of Adolescent Health
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

Purpose
Guidelines recommend cholesterol screening for all adolescents and young adults (AYAs) ages 17-21 years. Little is known about how screening results impact perceptions of AYA health.

Methods 
We recruited 37 AYAs and 35 parents of AYAs with differing risk for abnormal cholesterol results: (1) familial hypercholesterolemia; (2) obesity; and (3) generally healthy. Participants completed quantitative health status ratings using visual analog scales (VASs) and semistructured interviews regarding three hypothetical...

Carraccio C, Englander R, Holmboe EH, Kogan JR
2016
Academic Medicine
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

To address the long-standing challenge of meaningful trainee assessment, the authors reviewed and expanded on the Accountable Assessment for Quality Care and Supervision (AAQCS) equation. The equation proposes that care quality is the product of the interaction between trainee performance (measured by workplace assessment) and supervision (required level of intervention to ensure care quality) in the context of the environment where the care occurs: Trainee performance × Appropriate supervision = Safe, effective patient-centered care. Assessing trainee performance and matching that...

Mayne SL, Ross ME, Song L, McCarn B, Steffes J, Liu W, Margolis B, Azuine R, Gotlieb E, Grundmeier RW, Leslie LK, Localio R, Wasserman R, Fiks AG
2016
Pediatrics
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

Background
Primary care pediatricians increasingly care for children’s mental health problems, but little is known about practice-level variation in diagnosis and psychotropic medication prescribing practices.

Methods
This retrospective review of electronic heath records from 43 US primary care practices included children aged 4 to 18 years with ≥1 office visit from January 1, 2009, to June 30, 2014. We examined variability in diagnosis and psychotropic prescribing across practices using logistic regression with practice fixed effects...

Hicks PJ, Margolis M, Poynter SE, Chaffinch C, Tenney-Soeiro R, Turner TL, Waggoner-Fountain L, Lockridge R, Clyman SG, Schwartz A on behalf of APPD LEARN-NBME Pediatrics Milestones Assessment Group
2016
Academic Medicine
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

Purpose
To report on the development of content and user feedback regarding the assessment process and utility of the workplace-based assessment instruments of the Pediatrics Milestones Assessment Pilot (PMAP).

Method
One multisource feedback instrument and two structured clinical observation instruments were developed and refined by experts in pediatrics and assessment to provide evidence for nine competencies based on the Pediatrics Milestones (PMs) and chosen to inform residency program faculty decisions about learners’ readiness to...

Schumacher D, van der Vlueten CP, Carraccio CL
2016
JAMA Pediatrics
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

Ensuring that the performance of physicians meets the needs of patients is central to safe care. However, assessment of physician performance across the continuum of training and practice is inadequate. Often isolated as only an education problem, this assessment gap is also a clinical care problem.1

The goal of competency-based education, the purported focus of Graduate Medical Education training during the past 2 decades, is to design and implement educational programs that achieve outcomes necessary to optimize patient and population outcomes.2 ...