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Abstracts for research papers, reports, and commentaries that are supported in part or in full by the ABP or ABP Foundation or on which ABP staff serve as authors – and have been published in major journals – are provided below.

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Displaying 16 - 20 of 145
S Austin Cavanaugh, Ciji A Heiser, Karen B Hoeve, Eren Halil Ozberk, Elizabeth A Patton, John C Sessoms, Myrah R Stockdale, Elif Bengi Unsal-Ozberk, Claire Wood
Applied Psychological Measurement

flexMIRT is a versatile program for unidimensional and multidimensional item response theory (IRT) calibrations, scoring analyses, and model-based simulations. With an adaptable syntax that allows for various combinations of model specifications, estimation constraints, and estimation choices, flexMIRT can handle almost all of the most popular IRT models for dichotomous and polytomous data. The software package also supports diagnostic classification models and multigroup and multilevel analyses. This review evaluates the software from a user’s perspective as well as some of its...

Quinonez RA, Coon ER, Schroeder AR, Moyer VA
British Medical Journal
Pub Med #:

Pulse oximetry drives overtreatment in children with bronchiolitis without improving clinical outcomes, argue Ricardo Quinonez and colleagues.

Key Messages

  • Bronchiolitis admissions have increased substantially over the past 30 years, without a concomitant change in disease severity or mortality
  • The increase in admission rates for bronchiolitis coincides with the increased widespread use of pulse oximetry in the 1980s
  • Hypoxaemia may be a main driver for decisions to admit children with bronchiolitis, evidence shows
  • ...
Leyenaar JK, O'Brien ER, Leslie LK, Lindenauer PK, Mangione-Smith RM
Pub Med #:

National health care policy recommends that patients and families be actively involved in discharge planning. Although children with medical complexity (CMC) account for more than half of pediatric readmissions, scalable, family-centered methods to effectively engage families of CMC in discharge planning are lacking. We aimed to systematically examine the scope of preferences, priorities, and goals of parents of CMC regarding planning for hospital-to-home transitions and to ascertain health care providers' perceptions of families' transitional care goals...

de Ferranti SD, Rodday AM, Parsons SK, Cull WL, O'Connor KG, Daniels SR, Leslie LK
Journal of Pediatrics
Pub Med #:

To determine pediatricians' practices, attitudes, and barriers regarding screening for and treatment of pediatric dyslipidemias in 9- to 11-year-olds and 17- to 21-year-olds.

Study Design
American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) 2013-2014 Periodic Survey of a national, randomly selected sample of 1627 practicing AAP physicians. Pediatricians' responses were described and modeled.

Of 614 (38%) respondents who met eligibility criteria, less than half (46%) were moderately/very knowledgeable...

Rodday AM, Terrin N, Leslie LK, Graham RJ, Parsons SK
Journal of Pediatric Psychology
Pub Med #:

Explore interrelationships between domains of child health-related quality of life (HRQL) and parent emotional functioning using parent-proxy and child report in the context of hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT).

Data on 258 parent-child dyads were used from two longitudinal studies. Domains of HRQL included physical, emotional, and role functioning, and HSCT-related worry. We used structural equation modeling to model the outcome of parent emotional functioning using primary and alternative conceptual models....