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Publications

Abstracts for research papers, reports, and commentaries that are supported in part or in full by the ABP or ABP Foundation or on which ABP staff serve as authors – and have been published in major journals – are provided below.

Displaying 16 - 20 of 184
Schumacher DJ, West DC, Schwartz A, Li S, Millstein L, Griego EC, Turner T, Herman BE, Englander R, Hemond J, Hudson V, Newhall L, McNeal Trice K, Baughn J, Giudice E, Famiglietti H, Tolentino J, Gifford K, Carraccio C, for the APPD
2020
JAMA Network Open
ABSTRACT:

Importance
Entrustable professional activities (EPAs) are an emerging workplace-based, patient-oriented assessment approach with limited empirical evidence.

Objective
To measure the development of pediatric trainees’ clinical skills over time using EPA-based assessment data.

Design, Setting, and Participants
Prospective cohort study of categorical pediatric residents over 3 academic years (2015-2016, 2016-2017, and 2017-2018) assessed on 17 American Board of Pediatrics EPAs. Residents in training at 23...

McMillan JA, Land M, Tucker AE, Leslie LK
2020
Pediatrics
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

The increasing prevalence of behavioral and/or mental health (B/MH) abstract problems among children, adolescents, and young adults is rapidly forcing the pediatric community to examine its professional responsibility in response to this epidemic. Stakeholders involved in pediatric workforce training were brought together in April 2018, invited by the American Board of Pediatrics and the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, to consider facilitators and barriers for pediatrician training to enhance care for B/MH problems and to catalyze commitment to improvement...

Turner AL, Olmsted M, Smith AC, Dounoucos V, Bradford A, Althouse L, Leslie LK
2019
Pediatrics
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

Background and Objectives
This article is the second of a 2-part series examining results regarding self-reported learning and practice change from the American Board of Pediatrics 2017 pilot of an alternative to the proctored, continuing certification examination, termed the Maintenance of Certification Assessment for Pediatrics (MOCA-Peds). Because of its design, MOCA-Peds has several learning advantages compared with the proctored examination.

Methods
Quantitative and qualitative analyses with 5081 eligible pediatricians who...

Macy ML, Van KD, Leslie LK, Freed GL
2019
Pediatric Research
ABSTRACT:

Background
Amid concerns about the pediatrician-scientist workforce, we hypothesized that declining numbers of pediatric subspecialists devote at least 25% of their professional time to research with fewer younger and female pediatricians engaged in research over the study period.

Methods
Board-certified pediatricians enrolling online in the American Board of Pediatrics (ABP’s) Maintenance of Certification (MOC) program October 2009 through 2016 were invited to complete a survey with questions about the allocation of their professional...

Sheldrick CR, Hyde J, Leslie LK, Mackie T
2019
Evidence & Policy
ABSTRACT:

Many of the resources developed to promote the use of evidence in policy aspire to an ideal of rational decision making, yet their basis in the decision sciences is often unclear. Tracing the historical development of evidence-informed policy to its roots in evidence-based medicine (EBM), we distinguish between two understandings of how research evidence may be applied. Advocates for EBM all seek to use research evidence to optimise clinical care. However, some proponents argue that ‘uptake' of research evidence should be direct and universal, for example through wide-scale implementation...