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Publications

Abstracts for research papers, reports, and commentaries that are supported in part or in full by the ABP or ABP Foundation or on which ABP staff serve as authors – and have been published in major journals – are provided below.

Displaying 11 - 15 of 172
Gladding SP, Suchdev PS, Kiguli S, Lowenthal ED on behalf of the Global Health Task Force of the American Board of Pediatrics
2019
Pediatrics
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

Opportunities in global child health (GCH), the study and practice of improving child health globally, are expanding and increasingly formalized. In education, more postgraduate pediatric training programs offer specialized GCH training, preparing graduates to provide health care to children worldwide.1 Training in clinical areas such as neonatal resuscitation for health care workers in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) are increasing,2 as are short courses for pediatricians from high-income countries (HICs) planning to practice in LMIC.3...

Arscott-Mills T, Ter Haar B, Firth J, Batra M, Githanga D, Moyer VA, on behalf of the Global Health Task Force of the American Board of Pediatrics
2019
Pediatrics
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

Global health (GH), defined as issues that transcend national boundaries and a call for actions by key stakeholders to determine the well-being of all people,1 is an expanding field. In 2014, 25% of active pediatric-training programs had dedicated GH tracks, and 66% had faculty identified to lead GH efforts for their training programs.2 Those traveling abroad for GH experiences as trainees are likely to remain involved later in their careers in varying capacities.3,4 GH also includes pediatricians engaged locally with immigrant or refugee...

Schumacher DJ, Leslie LK, Van KD, Freed GL
2019
Academic Pediatrics
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

Objective
Explore pediatric residents' experiences and confidence with quality improvement (QI).

Methods
Pediatric residents were surveyed nationally in July 2017 about their demographic characteristics, experiences with QI projects over the previous year, and confidence with QI skills. Descriptive statistics and distributions of each individual demographic and QI variable, as well as training program size, were calculated for each variable. QI question responses were compared to demographic characteristics of the respondents, and chi-...

Krowchuk DP, Frieden IJ, Mancini AJ, Darrow DH, Blei F, Greene AK, Annam A, Baker CN, Frommelt PC, Hodak A, Pate BM, Pelletier JL, Sandrock D, Weinberg ST, Whelan MA; Subcommittee on the Management of Infantile Hemangiomas
2019
Pediatrics
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) occur in as many as 5% of infants, making them the most common benign tumor of infancy. Most IHs are small, innocuous, self-resolving, and require no treatment. However, because of their size or location, a significant minority of IHs are potentially problematic. These include IHs that may cause permanent scarring and disfigurement (eg, facial IHs), hepatic or airway IHs, and IHs with the potential for functional impairment (eg, periorbital IHs), ulceration (that may cause pain or scarring), and associated underlying abnormalities (eg, intracranial and aortic...

Park YS, Hicks PJ, Carraccio C, Margolis M, Schwartz A, for the PMAC Module 2 Study Group
2018
Academic Medicine
ABSTRACT:

Purpose 
This study investigates the impact of incorporating observer-reported workload into workplace-based assessment (WBA) scores on (1) psychometric characteristics of WBA scores and (2) measuring changes in performance over time using workload-unadjusted versus workload-adjusted scores.

Method 
Structured clinical observations and multisource feedback instruments were used to collect WBA data from first-year pediatrics residents at 10 residency programs between July 2016 and June 2017. Observers completed items in 8...