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Publications

Abstracts for research papers, reports, and commentaries that are supported in part or in full by the ABP or ABP Foundation or on which ABP staff serve as authors – and have been published in major journals – are provided below.

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Freed GL, Dunham KM, Loveland-Cherry C, Martyn KK, Moote MJ; American Board of Pediatrics Research Advisory Committee.
2011
Pediatrics
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

Objective
Historically, most pediatric subspecialists have conducted their clinical work in academic health centers. However, increases in the absolute numbers of pediatric subspecialists in past decades, combined with greater concentrations of children in urban and suburban settings, might result in more opportunities for pediatric subspecialists to enter private practice. Our goal was to assess the proportions of subspecialists in private practice.

Methods
We surveyed a stratified, random, national sample...

Freed GL, Dunham KM, Loveland-Cherry C, Martyn KK, Moote MJ; American Board of Pediatrics Research Advisory Committee.
2011
Pediatrics
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

Objective
There is little nationally representative information describing the current manner in which nurse practitioners(NPs) and physician assistants (PAs) work in pediatric practices and their professional activities. To understand better the current NP and PA workforce in pediatric primary and subspecialty care, we conducted a national survey of pediatricians.

Methods
A survey study of a random national sample of 498 pediatric generalists and 1696 subspecialists in the United States was...

Althouse LA, Stockman JA
2011
The Journal of Pediatrics
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

For several decades, the American Board of Pediatrics (ABP) has assimilated workforce data using questionnaires administered in association with its various examinations and through a tracking system that provides an annual update of residents and fellows in training. These data provide critical information regarding trainees and practitioners in pediatrics and the overall workforce landscape. In 2006, The Journal published a series of workforce reports for general pediatrics and the 13 subspecialties for which the ABP currently administered examinations. The first report...

Freed GL, Dunham KM; Research Advisory Committee of the American Board of Pediatrics.
2010
Pediatrics
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

Historically, the specialties classified as "primary care" have been pediatrics, internal medicine, and family medicine. Often, primary care disciplines are aggregated in workforce or career-preference studies, and any differences among them are not assessed or reported. However, such aggregation is likely unwarranted and may actually lead to false or misguided policy direction in the name of "primary care disciplines" when, in fact, there may be substantive differences among these specialties. We examine here the data available to assess whether the physicians who make up 2 of the...

Freed GL, Dunham KM, Gebremariam A, Wheeler JR; Research Advisory Committee of the American Board of Pediatrics
2010
Journal of Pediatrics
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

Objective
To determine the current proportion of pediatric primary care and specialty visits being conducted by pediatricians versus other providers.

Study Design
We used data from 1980-2006 National Ambulatory Medical Care Surveys (NAMCS) to examine trends in office visits by patients 0 to 17 years of age. During our years of interest, the total number of visits in NAMCS by children ranged from 2597 to 9220 per year.

Results
Overall, the percentage of all nonsurgical physician office visits for...