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Publications

Abstracts for research papers, reports, and commentaries that are supported in part or in full by the ABP or ABP Foundation or on which ABP staff serve as authors – and have been published in major journals – are provided below.

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Freed GL, Dunham KM, Gebremariam A, Wheeler JR; Research Advisory Committee of the American Board of Pediatrics
2010
Journal of Pediatrics
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

Objective
To determine the current proportion of pediatric primary care and specialty visits being conducted by pediatricians versus other providers.

Study Design
We used data from 1980-2006 National Ambulatory Medical Care Surveys (NAMCS) to examine trends in office visits by patients 0 to 17 years of age. During our years of interest, the total number of visits in NAMCS by children ranged from 2597 to 9220 per year.

Results
Overall, the percentage of all nonsurgical physician office visits for...

Freed GL, Dunham KM; Research Advisory Committee of the American Board of Pediatrics.
2010
Pediatrics
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

Historically, the specialties classified as "primary care" have been pediatrics, internal medicine, and family medicine. Often, primary care disciplines are aggregated in workforce or career-preference studies, and any differences among them are not assessed or reported. However, such aggregation is likely unwarranted and may actually lead to false or misguided policy direction in the name of "primary care disciplines" when, in fact, there may be substantive differences among these specialties. We examine here the data available to assess whether the physicians who make up 2 of the...

Freed GL, Dunham KM, Lamarand KE, Loveland-Cherry C, Martyn KK; American Board of Pediatrics Research Advisory Committee.
2010
Pediatrics
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

Background
There are ∼ 13,000 pediatric nurse practitioners (PNPs) in the United States. PNPs have been suggested as professionals who could provide care to the growing cadre of children with chronic illnesses and expand the pool of subspecialty care providers. Little is known about current roles of PNPs in primary or subspecialty care.

Objective
To gain a better understanding of the roles, focus of practice, professional setting, and professional responsibilities of PNPs.

Methods
We...

Freed GL, Dunham KM, Loveland-Cherry C, Martyn KK; American Board of Pediatrics Research Advisory Committee.
2010
Pediatrics
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

Objective
The goal was to characterize the pediatric role and scope of practice of family nurse practitioners (FNPs).

Methods
A mail survey of a random national sample of 1000 FNPs, stratified according to states that license nursepractitioners to practice independently, was performed. Frequencies were calculated and bivariate analyses were performed to determine the level of association between practice characteristics and practice state, practice location (urban versus rural), and type of care...

Freed GL, Dunham KM, Lamarand KE, Loveland-Cherry C, Martyn KK; American Board of Pediatrics Research Advisory Committee.
2010
Pediatrics
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

Objective
We sought to determine the distribution and scope of practice of the neonatal nurse practitioner (NNP) workforce across the United States.

Methods
To determine distribution, we used counts of certified NNPs from the National Certification Corp (Chicago, IL). We calculated state NNP/child population ratios as the number of NNPs divided by the state population 0 to 17 years of age. We calculated NNP/NICU bed ratios as the number of NNPs divided by the total number of NICU beds per state. To characterize roles and scope...