Abstracts for research papers, reports, and commentaries that are supported in part or in full by the ABP or ABP Foundation or on which ABP staff serve as authors – and have been published in major journals – are provided below.
Journal of Pediatrics
To determine whether international experience is associated with greater comfort in providing care to US children who are immigrants, refugees, and traveling internationally.
Following enrollment into the 2018 American Board of Pediatrics Maintenance of Certification program, general pediatricians and subspecialists received a voluntary, online survey with questions about their experience and self-reported comfort caring for immigrant, refugee, and internationally traveling children and previous international experiences. Using multivariable logistic regression, we examined how previous international experiences, and other...
Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine
The quality of care for children and adults in the United States is variable and often suboptimal. Approaches that improve the systems of care for entire patient populations are needed. The certifying medical boards can contribute to driving change by ensuring that improving care and outcomes for patients and families is the priority. The American Board of Pediatrics has catalyzed collaborative improvement networks, resulting in improved health outcomes for children, fostered partnerships with patients and families, and brought together key...
Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
To describe the practice analysis undertaken by a task force convened by the American Board of Pediatrics Pediatric Critical Care Medicine Sub-board to create a comprehensive document to guide learning and assessment within Pediatric Critical Care Medicine.
An in-depth practice analysis with a mixed-methods design involving a descriptive review of practice, a modified Delphi process, and a survey.
Seventy-five Pediatric Critical Care Medicine program directors and 2,535 American Board of Pediatrics Pediatric Critical Care...
Applied Measurement in Education
Maintaining equivalent performance standards across forms is a psychometric challenge exacerbated by small samples. In this study, the accuracy of two equating methods (Rasch anchored calibration and nominal weights mean) and four anchor item selection methods were investigated in the context of very small samples (N = 10). Overall, nominal weights mean equating slightly outperformed Rasch equating for three of the four anchor item selection methods, but Rasch equating slightly outperformed nominal weights mean equating when anchor items were selected...
Graduating residents are under contract until June 30 and may be assigned patient care responsibilities up until this date. However, those pursuing subspecialty training are often expected to begin fellowship on July 1, posing a significant hardship, especially for those who must relocate to another region. In addition, many programs require incoming fellows to attend institutional orientation while they are still residents.1 Thus, programs and trainees must make difficult decisions that potentially disregard contractual obligations, jeopardize patient care, and limit...