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Publications

Abstracts for research papers, reports, and commentaries that are supported in part or in full by the ABP or ABP Foundation or on which ABP staff serve as authors – and have been published in major journals – are provided below.

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Freed GL, Nahra TA, Venus PJ, Schech SD, Wheeler JR

2005

Journal of Pediatrics

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ABSTRACT:

Objective

To assess whether primary care physicians, via referrals or other mechanisms, are now providing proportionally less care for children with specific common diagnoses, thus driving greater demand for specialist services.


Study Design

Secondary data analysis (1993-2001) from one of the largest commercial healthcare organizations in the United States. Evaluation and management (E/M) common procedural terminology (CPT) visit codes and International Classification of Diseases (ICD) codes pertaining to asthma, constipation, headache, and heart murmurs were selected. Visits were then assigned...

Freed GL, Fant KE, Nahra TA, Wheeler JR; Research Advisory Committee of the American Board of Pediatrics

2005

Academic Medicine

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ABSTRACT:

Purpose

To determine how practicing physicians who graduated from internal medicine-pediatrics residency programs allocate their practice time and professional activities between adult and child patients, and to investigate whether there are predictors of the extent to which a particular physician's practice is more or less focused on one or the other of these patient groups.


Method

In 2003, the authors mailed a questionnaire to the 1,300 generalists and 472 subspecialists who, as of 2003, had completed internal medicine-pediatrics training since...

Freed GL, Nahra TA, Wheeler JR

2004

Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine

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ABSTRACT:

Background

​Although pediatricians and family physicians are trained in the care of children, previous studies have revealed significant differences in the medical care and specialty referral patterns each provides. During the 1990s, several developments in the population and the health care system (eg, aging of the population and increases in Medicaid managed care) may have resulted in changes to the proportion of children seeking care from one or the other specialty.


Objective

To determine any changes in the proportion of...

Freed GL, Fant K

2004

Health Affairs

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ABSTRACT:

The continued demographic trend of the "aging of America" has many implications for U.S. society. Although their population has remained relatively constant, children are becoming a smaller proportion of the overall population. The rapidly changing age-related U.S. demographics raises issues we have not yet chosen to address. These changes have important implications for children and will become manifest in the financing of both public programs and private markets for health, education, and social services, whether or not specific political actions...

Freed GL, Nahra TA, Wheeler JR; Research Advisory Committee of the American Board of Pediatrics

2004

Journal of Pediatrics

PUB MED #:
ABSTRACT:

Objective

To describe the number and distribution of pediatricians per child nationally and on a state-by-state basis relative to the economic conditions within each state.


Study Design

Real inflation-adjusted gross domestic product (GDP) per capita (1996 dollars) was plotted against the number of all active physicians and pediatricians in the United States for all years data were available. GDP was then compared with the active number of pediatric medical physicians per child 0 to 14 years of age.


Results

The...