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Transforming Primary Care Residency Training: A Collaborative Faculty Development Initiative Among Family Medicine, Internal Medicine, and Pediatric Residencies

Authors: 
Carney PA, Eiff MP, Green LA, Carraccio C, Smith DG, Pugno PA, Iobst W, McGuinness G, Klink K, Jones SM, Tucker L, Holmboe E
Year: 
2015
Journal: 
Academic Medicine
Pub Med #: 
Abstract: 

Problem
The scope and scale of developments in health care redesign have not been sufficiently adopted in primary care residency programs.

Approach
The interdisciplinary Primary Care Faculty Development Initiative was created to teach faculty how to accelerate revisions in primary care residency training. The program focused on skill development in teamwork, change management, leadership, population management, clinical microsystems, and competency assessment. The 2013 pilot program involved 36 family medicine, internal medicine, and pediatric faculty members from 12 residencies in four locations.

Outcomes
The percentage of participants rating intention to implement what was learned as "very likely to" or "absolutely will" was 16/32 (50%) for leadership, 24/33 (72.7%) for change management, 23/33 (69.7%) for systems thinking, 25/32 (75.8%) for population management, 28/33 (84.9%) for teamwork, 29/33 (87.8%) for competency assessment, and 30/31 (96.7%) for patient centeredness.Content analysis revealed five key themes: leadership skills are key drivers of change, but program faculty face big challenges in changing culture and engaging stakeholders; access to data from electronic health records for population management is a universal challenge; readiness to change varies among the three disciplines and among residencies within each discipline; focusing on patients and their needs galvanizes collaborative efforts across disciplines and within residencies; and collaboration among disciplines to develop and use shared measures of residency programs and learner outcomes can guide and inspire program changes and urgently needed educational research.

Next Steps
Revise and reevaluate this rapidly evolving program toward widespread engagement with family medicine, internal medicine, and pediatric residencies.