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Neonatal Nurse Practitioners: Influences on Career Choice

Authors: 
Gary L. Freed, MD, MPHEmail the author MD, MPH Gary L. Freed, Kelly M. Dunham, MPP, Kristy Martyn, PhD, CPNP-PC, Leanne Nantais-Smith, PhD, NNP-BC, Lauren M. Moran, BA, Laura Spera, MS, MCS
Year: 
2013
Journal: 
The Journal for Nurse Practitioners
Abstract: 

Background
There is a nationwide shortage of neonatal nurse practitioners (NNPs). Strategies to increase NNPs must be informed by an understanding of their career motivations and decision processes.

Methods
Mail survey of all NNPs who applied to take the initial certification exam between January 2010 and June 2011 (N = 491).

Results
Response rate was 84.6%. Most NNPs (60%, n = 214) decided to pursue education as an advanced practice nurse while in practice as an RN and 22% (N = 80) prior to becoming an RN.

Conclusions
To increase the number of practicing NNPs, the most robust recruitment efforts should occur among current RNs.