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Publications

Abstracts for research papers, reports, and commentaries that are supported in part or in full by the ABP or ABP Foundation or on which ABP staff serve as authors – and have been published in major journals – are provided below.

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Michelle L. Macy, MD, MS, Laurel K. Leslie, MD, MPH, Debra Boyer, MD, MHPE, Keaton D. Van, MA, Gary L. Freed, MD, MPH
2018
Journal of Pediatrics
ABSTRACT:

Objectives
To determine, among pediatric residents, the timing and stability of decisions to pursue fellowship training and select a specific subspecialty, which can be used to inform strategies to better match the distribution of pediatric subspecialist with the needs of children.

Study Design
A longitudinal survey administered with the General Pediatrics In-training Exam to pediatric residents in the US and Canada, 2010-2014. The study included residents who responded in each of their first 3 years of residency and indicated plans to...

Laurel K. Leslie, Rebecca Baum, Adam Turner
2018
Pediatrics
ABSTRACT:

In their article entitled “2015 Developmental Behavioral Pediatrics Workforce Survey,” Bridgemohan et al1 argue that the current system for managing US children with complex developmental-behavioral (DB) conditions is not viable. Despite high demand for services as measured by the increasing prevalence and complexity of childhood DB conditions, the provider supply remains limited. Results from their survey with general and subspecialty physicians and nurse practitioners, who self-identified as assessing and treating children with DB needs, suggest inadequate overall numbers of...

Quinonez RA, Coon ER, Schroeder AR, Moyer VA
2017
British Medical Journal
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

Pulse oximetry drives overtreatment in children with bronchiolitis without improving clinical outcomes, argue Ricardo Quinonez and colleagues.

Key Messages

  • Bronchiolitis admissions have increased substantially over the past 30 years, without a concomitant change in disease severity or mortality
  • The increase in admission rates for bronchiolitis coincides with the increased widespread use of pulse oximetry in the 1980s
  • Hypoxaemia may be a main driver for decisions to admit children with bronchiolitis, evidence shows
  • ...
Leyenaar JK, O'Brien ER, Leslie LK, Lindenauer PK, Mangione-Smith RM
2017
Pediatrics
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

Background
National health care policy recommends that patients and families be actively involved in discharge planning. Although children with medical complexity (CMC) account for more than half of pediatric readmissions, scalable, family-centered methods to effectively engage families of CMC in discharge planning are lacking. We aimed to systematically examine the scope of preferences, priorities, and goals of parents of CMC regarding planning for hospital-to-home transitions and to ascertain health care providers' perceptions of families' transitional care goals...

de Ferranti SD, Rodday AM, Parsons SK, Cull WL, O'Connor KG, Daniels SR, Leslie LK
2017
Journal of Pediatrics
Pub Med #:
ABSTRACT:

Objectives
To determine pediatricians' practices, attitudes, and barriers regarding screening for and treatment of pediatric dyslipidemias in 9- to 11-year-olds and 17- to 21-year-olds.

Study Design
American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) 2013-2014 Periodic Survey of a national, randomly selected sample of 1627 practicing AAP physicians. Pediatricians' responses were described and modeled.

Results
Of 614 (38%) respondents who met eligibility criteria, less than half (46%) were moderately/very knowledgeable...

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