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Predicting Health Care Utilization for Children with Respiratory Insufficiency Using Parent-Proxy Ratings of Children's Health-Related Quality of Life

Authors: 
Rodday AM, Graham RJ, Weidner RA, Terrin N, Leslie LK, Parsons SK
Year: 
2017
Journal: 
Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Pub Med #: 
Abstract: 

Introduction
Children with chronic respiratory insufficiency and mechanical ventilation often experience acute illnesses requiring unscheduled hospitalizations. Health-related quality of life (HRQL) may predict future health care utilization.

Methods
Participants were 30 days to 22 years old with chronic respiratory insufficiency (N = 120). Parent-proxies completed global HRQL and general health measures. Outcomes were total health care (emergency department, outpatient, inpatient) and inpatient days over 6 months. Adjusted negative binomial regression estimated the effects of global HRQL and general health on utilization.

Results
Three quarters of children had any utilization; 32% had hospitalizations. Children with poor/fair global HRQL had 3.7 times more health care days than those with very good/excellent global HRQL. Children with poor/fair global HRQL had 6.3 times more inpatient days than those with very good/excellent global HRQL. Similar relationships existed between general health and utilization.

Discussion
HRQL was associated with health care and inpatient days. Clinical teams can use HRQL as a marker for utilization risk, enabling potentially earlier intervention, better outcomes, and lower costs.