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Pediatric Nurse Practitioners: Influences on Career Choice

Authors: 
Freed GL, Dunham KM, Martyn K, Martin J, Moran LM, Spera L; Research Advisory Committee of the American Board of Pediatrics.
Year: 
2014
Journal: 
Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Pub Med #: 
Abstract: 

Background
The demand for hiring pediatric nurse practitioners (PNPs) is strong. However, the number of newly educated PNPs has remained relatively flat during the past several years. Understanding the rationale and timing for the decision to pursue this profession is essential to having a positive impact on increasing the future workforce.

Methods
A mail survey of all new PNPs certified between January 2009 and July 2011 (N = 1040) was conducted.

Results
The response rate was 79.9%. Nearly half of all respondents (45%, N = 314) reported that they work in outpatient general pediatrics, 26% (N = 184) in outpatient subspecialty pediatrics, and 22% (N = 152) in inpatient settings. More than one third (36%, N = 253) spend most of their time in a private practice. Forty percent (N = 307) reported that they decided to pursue education as an advanced practice nurse while in practice as a registered nurse (RN), and 38% (N = 289) made the decision before pursuing RN education.

Conclusions
Efforts to increase the PNP pipeline will need to be directed both to students during their RN education and to creating opportunities for current RNs to pursue advanced practice nurse education that is focused on children.